Nyadran is a tradition and belief of Javanese society that has existed for a long time and is a series of ceremonies performed by the people of Java, especially Central Java in welcoming the coming months of Syakban or Ruwah or the coming of Ramadan.
1. Nyadran comes from Sanskrit, sraddha which means belief.
2. Nyadran is a tomb-cleansing tradition by Javanese society, which is commonly found in rural areas.
3. In Javanese, Nyadran comes from the word sadran which means ruwah syakban.
4. Nyadran is a series of cultures in the form of cleansing the ancestral tomb, sowing flowers, and the peak of a feast in the ancestral tomb.
Implementation Nyadran (Ruwahan or moon sakban in welcoming the coming of Ramadan). The usual activities performed during Nyadran or Ruwahan are:
Holding a feast, with the reading of verses of the Qur’an, zikr, tahlil, and prayer, then closed by eating together. Doing a sermon, that is cleansing the ancestral graves of dirt and grass. Conducts a grave pilgrimage ceremony, by praying to the deceased spirit in the tomb area.
Nyadran is usually performed on every 10th day of the month of Rajab or at the coming of Sha’ban month.
In the pilgrimage of the grave, usually pilgrims carry flowers, especially flowers cuddly. Flowers are used as a symbol of a close relationship between the pilgrims and the ghosts who are pilgrims. The people who follow Nyadran usually pray for their grandparents, their fathers, and their dead siblings. After praying, the community held a feast or a meal together along the street that has been mats mat and banana leaf. Each family that follows the kenduri generally brings its own food (not required). The food should be brought in traditional food, such as chicken ingkung, sambal fried ati, vegetable urap with spice, prekedel, tempe and tahu bacem, and others.
History of Nyadran is:
Nyadran comes from the Hindu-Buddhist tradition that has existed since the 15th century, And by Walisongo nyadran is used to preach by combining traditions, Indeed in the Islamic religion it does not exist.
In order for Islam to be easily accepted by the Javanese society, the walisongo combine this tradition with da’wah. At first the guardian tried to straighten the existing beliefs in the Javanese society at that time about the worship of spirits in the religion of Islam is considered musrik. In order not to clash with Javanese traditions at that time, the guardian did not abolish the custom, but align and fill it with the teachings of Islam, namely by reading verses of the Qur’an, tahlil, and prayer. Nyadran is understood by the Javanese society as a form of relationship between ancestors with fellow human beings and with his God.