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Location of City of Magelang
The town of Magelang is geographically located in the middle of Java island. In addition there are tidar mountains are often known as the island of Java. The city of Magelang has a strategic position, because it is located in the main route of transportation Semarang-Magelang-Yogyakarta, Magelang-Purworejo and Magelang-Temanggung. Magelang is located 75 km south of Semarang and 43 km north of Yogyakarta. In addition, as a tourist route between Yogjakarta-Borobudur-plateau dieng-ketep pass and kopeng. In the city of Magelang there are also some tourist attractions such as Kyai eternal garden, park badaan, town square and others.
History of Magelang City
The town of Magelang has a long and interesting history. Magelang city is the second oldest city in Indonesia. Magelang own name across from various sources, such as folklore, fairy tales, legends and so forth. Some argue that the name Magelang comes from the story of the arrival of Keling (Kalingga) to Java wearing a bracelet on his nose. The word bracelet gets the “ma” prefix that states the verb used or used, it means “wearing a bracelet”. So Magelang means an area where people are using or wearing bracelets.
Some argue that Magelang is derived from a story that Kyai directed Along by Mataram fighters in “meeting bracelets” or circle meetings. There is also a linking the name of Magelang with the geographical area Kedu “cumlorot” which is proven by the word bracelet. Starting from the village “Mantyasih” fosters love belief. Establishment of Mantyasih village written on Mantyasih Inscription written on Mantyasih Inscription on April 11, 907 M by King Dyah Balitung which later became the foundation of the formation of Day Magelang. The village is then located in the west of Magelang with the name of Meteseh in Magelang regency of Northern Magelang.
This area was formerly called Kebondalem, which means the king’s garden, Sri Sunan Pakubuwono from Surakarta. The land that runs south from the village of Potrobangsan to the Bayeman village now, was once a coffee plantation, spices, fruits and vegetables including spinach or “bayem” in Javanese. The remains of the park can still be seen from the names of places such as Kebondalem, which is a village in Kelurahan Potrobangsan, Botton Kopen used to be coffee plantations, Kebonpolo or nutmeg plantations, Kemirikerep / Kemirirejo former gardens, former garden jambon, Bayeman former spinach garden, Pucangsari former pucang plantation, Kebonsari former beautiful garden planted with various plants, Jambesari garden planted with pinang / jambe, rubber plantation.
When the British controlled Magelang in the 18th century, the city was the seat of government at the district level and appointed Mas Ngabehi Danoekromo as the first bupati with the title of Raden Tumenggung Danoeningrat. This regent also spearheaded the establishment of the city of Magelang by making the square, the residence of regents and mosques and churches GPIB North Square Road. In the next development, Magelang was chosen as the capital of Kedu Residency in 1818 for its strategic location, passing the highway to Yogyakarta.
After the British government was conquered by the Dutch, Magelang’s position grew stronger. By the Dutch government, the city became the center of economic traffic for the southern part of Central Java, thus encouraging urban development. Besides its strategic location, air Magelang is also comfortable and has beautiful scenery, so by the Dutch city made Military City Magelang. The Dutch government continues to complement urban facilities and infrastructure. The water tower was built in the middle of the city in 1918, the power company began operation in 1927, and the arterial roads were hardened and paved.
Magelang city was granted the status as Magelang City Gemeente on 1 April 1906 and led by a Dutchman who served as Burgemeester. Burgemeester is what is now called the Mayor.
The development of the era demands the construction of various facilities and infrastructure of the city. Facilities and infrastructure of clean water, lighting, banking, food, drinking, entertainment and recreation and others continue to grow as a city full of dynamics. (from the Magelang City Handbook).