BOROBUDUR TAMPLE

borobudur entrance fee

Borobudur Temple is the largest temple in Indonesia. Borobudur temple location precisely in Magelang regency, Central Java, in addition to being a tourist attraction of Borobudur temple is also a center of worship for adherents of Buddhism and Hinduism in Indonesia, especially at every Vesak celebration. This is in accordance with the meaning of his name is “monastery in the hills”. Borobudur Temple by UNESCO is designated as one of the World Heritage and Culture Sites and Civilizations.

History of Borobudur Temple
Borobudur was built around 800 AD or 9th century. The Borobudur Temple was built by Mahayana Buddhists during the reign of the Shiailendra House. This temple was built during the triumph of the Syailendra dynasty. The founder of Borobudur temple is King Samaratungga which comes from the dynasty or Syailendra dynasty. The possibility of this temple was built around 824 AD and was completed around the year 900 AD during the reign of Queen Pramudawardhani who is the daughter of Samaratungga. While the architect who contributed to build this temple according to hereditary tale named Gunadharma.

Borobudur temple ( borobudur entrance fee )
The word Borobudur itself is based on the first written evidence written by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, the Governor-General of Great Britain in Java, who gave the name of this temple. No older written evidence gives the name of Borobudur to this temple. The only oldest document showing the existence of this temple is the Nagarakretagama, written by Mpu Prapanca in 1365. It is written that the temple was used as a Buddhist meditation venue.

The meaning of the name Borobudur is “monastery in the hills”, which comes from the word “bara” (temple or monastery) and “beduhur” (hills or high places) in Sanskrit. Therefore, in accordance with the meaning of the name Borobudur, then this place has long been used as a place of Buddhist worship.

This temple for centuries is no longer in use. Then because of the volcanic eruption, most of Borobudur Temple buildings covered by volcanic soil. In addition, the building also covered various trees and shrubs for centuries. Then the building of this temple began to be forgotten in the Islamic era into Indonesia around the 15th century.

In 1814 when the British occupied Indonesia, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles heard the discovery of giant archaeological objects in the village Bumisegoro Magelang area. Because of his great interest in Javanese history, Raffles immediately ordered H.C. Cornelius, a Dutch engineer, to investigate the location of the discovery that was now a hill filled with bushes.

Cornelius was assisted by about 200 rpria cutting down trees and removing the bushes that covered the giant building. Considering the already fragile and collapsed building, Cornelius reported to Raffles the invention included several images. Because of that discovery, Raffles was awarded as the person who started the restoration of Borobudur Temple and received world attention. In 1835, the whole temple area was successfully excavated. This temple continued to be restored during the Dutch colonial period.

After Indonesian independence, in 1956, the Indonesian government requested UNESCO assistance to investigate Borobudur damage. Then in 1963, the official decision of the Indonesian government to restore Borobudur Temple with the help of UNESCO. However, the restoration was only really started on August 10, 1973. The new restoration process was completed in 1984. Since 1991, Borobudur Temple was designated as World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

And Borobudur temple is also as a tourist destination that many visit both domestic and foreign tourists, So a little explanation about Borobudur temple may be useful for you all

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